Marsonauts May Need More Microbes

Marsonauts May Need More Microbes News: As days are passing by, Elon Musk’s Mars mission is getting closer with not much time left.

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Worried about health and safety of astronauts in coming decades in space, Researchers from Germany, the United Kingdom, and Austria, led by the German Aerospace Center conducted a Mock-Mars Mission. Naming it Mars500, astronauts followed a strict diet and schedule from June 3, 2010, to Nov. 5, 2011, in this Russian Project. After analyzing a collection of 360 microbial samples from the air and various surfaces at 18 intervals by crews, researchers have concluded that microbial diversity aboard the “spacecraft” declined dramatically during the mission. Pointing to the thought that millions upon millions of microbes that live on and in these pioneering astronauts’ bodies may be reduced some day.

Marsonauts May Need More Microbes To Space, Says Study

On the other hand, an excess of microbes on space is harmful because of Forwarding Contamination. Thus, doing this research like a coin having two faces of “Lack of Microbes” and “Excess of Microbes” leading to the origination of queries like are there viruses in space, are there germs on other planets? If answer says yes, then there must be Disease on Mars.

Talking about interplanetary contamination of bacteria found in space – Petra Schwendner, co-researcher of the study said: “In addition to potential health risks for the crew, some of these microorganisms could have a negative impact on spacecraft, as they grow on and might damage spacecraft material.”

Spacecraft model used for Mars Mission in Capital of Russia – Moscow had five modules of human to scale. Mars Lander Module, Habitation Module, Transfer Tunnels, Medical Modules, Martian Surface Simulator and Utility Module.

The Russian Project “Mars-500” houses a crew of six for a 520-day isolation experiment simulating an expedition to the red planet. The facility includes mockups of several spacecraft modules as well as the Martian surface. The “living room” in the Habitation Module is also there.

“Until now, little was known about the influence of long-term confinement on the microorganisms that live in habitats that may one day be used to travel to other planets, and whether the structure of the microbiota changes with time,” Schwendner later added.

News Source: Journal Microbiome. Marsonauts May Need More Microbes News: After 520 Days Long Mock Mars Mission, Researchers Concluded That Germs May Be Valuable Passengers on Trip to Mars.

Reyansh Kumar is the Science Culture Editor at Criticism News Media Pvt. Ltd. Quite passionate about wildlife, science, technology, space probes, he's been writing for different firms for years.

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